Information Technology is one of the fastest growing disciplines. Below is a detailed look of different occupations within the field of information technology.
1. Cloud Architect
A cloud architect finds employment in companies that already use cloud services or planning to shift to the cloud. They may be hired as consultants to manage the cloud computing strategy of a company. They supervise the designing of cloud applications, adoption plans and monitoring / management. The average annual salary of a cloud architect is $112,000.
2. Database Administrator
A database administrator has the responsibility to maintain databases, updating permissions. They also keep organizational data safe, backup and restore data to prevent loss, ensure smooth running of the database, create databases that meet the needs of users, carry out modifications on the database system when needed, and combine old databases with new ones. Further, they ensure easy access and use of the database structure by data analysts. The median pay for a database administrator is $80,280.
3. Computer and Information Systems Manager
A computer and information systems manager analyzes the computer system of an organization and recommends an upgrade to top leadership. Part of their job is to ensure the security of documents and network systems of a business or organization. They supervise other personnel including computer support specialists, information security analysts and software developers. They evaluate the benefits of new projects and request for funding from the executive office. The average annual pay of an information systems manager is $127,640.
4. Information Security Analyst
An information security analyst checks for security breach in the network system of an organization and works to rectify it. They install data encryption programs to help protect information. They investigate a breach in security and prepare reports on their findings. They help end user install and learn new security products. They also suggest security upgrades to senior IT management. An information security analyst earns a median annual pay of $90,120.
5. Computer support specialist
Computer support specialists work within the IT department of an organization, giving assistance to IT personnel in areas such as troubleshooting and assessing computer network issues. They do file backups and system maintenance on daily, weekly or monthly basis. They consult with clients to establish the problems with their computer and do repairs on hardware and other devices related to the computer. The average annual pay for a computer user support specialist is $51,470.
6. Software applications developer
Software applications developers test, design and develop software that addresses the needs of users. They create flow charts for programmers to help them write code. They evaluate current programs and systems of clients then recommend an upgrade where necessary. They carry out testing and maintenance on programs to ensure that they run efficiently. They also work with other specialists such as programmers to create quality functional software. On average, the salary for a software developer is $100,690.
7. IT Consultant
An IT consultant meets with clients to discuss their needs and determine the extent of the project. They have the duty to find out about the nature of business they’ll be working on and understanding the work practices of its employees. They develop solutions to IT needs of clients and record the solutions. They design, test, install and manage new systems, and train users on how to go about the systems. An IT consultant earns a median annual salary of $96,400.
8. Health IT specialist
Health IT specialists are tasked with maintaining accurate, complete and secure databases to ensure that patient data is kept confidentially and only accessed by authorized personnel. They may be required to help with planning projects where they will need to set objectives, create budgets and set timelines. They also supervise the introduction and use of electronic health records, and provide training to users of the new system. The average annual pay for a health IT specialist is $45,000.
9. Network and Computer Systems Administrator
They are tasked with establishing computer and network needs of an organization after which they can set up a system that caters to those needs. They install network software and hardware and do repairs as well as maintenance to them. They ensure the smooth running of all systems, maintain security, add users to the network, train users on how to use new hardware / software and finally troubleshoot problems with the system. The average annual salary for an administrator is $77,810.
10. Computer Programmer
Computer programmers write and test code that ensures proper running of applications and software. They are required to have knowledge in a variety of computer languages and have the ability to keep on learning new languages as and when they emerge. They work together with software developers to design and create programs that address the needs of a client. The average pay for a computer programmer is $79,530.
11. Computer Network Architect
A computer network architect creates layouts for data communication networks. They present the plans to senior management, explaining why the organization should consider them. They proceed to design and build networks such as the LAN, WAN and Intranets. When designing the networks, they take into consideration information security and new technologies that will support the organization’s network systems in the future. A computer network architect earns an average annual salary of $100,240.
12. Computer Information Research Scientists
A Computer Information Research Scientist invents new languages, tools and procedures in computing technology and also creates new uses for existing technology. They also develop models and theories that address fundamental issues in computing. Additionally, they create, test and improve software systems used in modern computing. They publish their findings in academic journals and also present them in conferences. The annual pay for a research scientist is $110,620.
13. Web Developers
The job of Web Developers is to basically design and build websites. They are tasked with enhancing its performance and capacity which dictates the amount of traffic a website can manage. They consult with clients to establish the needs and look of a website. They proceed to write codes for websites. Web developers work with other professionals to choose layouts and information that will go into the website. When the website is up and running, they begin to monitor its traffic.